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Nigerian Women Lack Equal Access To National Decision Making — NBS

The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS)
The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS).

May 01, (THEWILL) – The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) , says women, compared with their male counterpart, still do not have equal access to decision making and power-sharing at all levels in the country.

This is according to a report released by the NBS on Gender Statistics Quarterly Bulletin, for the First Quarter 2022 on Sunday in Abuja.

The first quarter bulletin focused on three key areas which include: Power and Decision Making, Health, Population and Education.

According to the report, the percentage share of women in presidential and vice-presidential races from 2019 to 2022 was at 0 percent and 100 percent for men.

The number of female and male political aspirants for presidential races in 2019 was 6 and 67, respectively, while the vice-presidential races had 22 females and 52 males.

“Political aspirants for governorship in the 2019 election had 80 females and 984 males, while deputy governorship aspirants had 271 females and 789 males.

“Also female and male aspirants for senatorial positions in the 2019 election were 234 and 1,649, respectively”, the report revealed.

The statistics for the 2020 National Judicial Officers has 66 females and 138 males, which include: Chief Justice of Nigeria, Justice of the Supreme Court and Court of Appeal, President of the Court of Appeal and National Industrial Court.

Also, Chief Judges of Federal High Courts and State High Courts, Judges of the Federal High Courts, State High Courts and Industrial Courts and Chief Registrar of the Supreme Court.

The statistics of ministerial appointments from 1999 to 2021 stood at 13.73 percent for females and 86.27 percent for males, while for senatorial appointments, females had a representation of 15.91 percent and 84.09 percent for males.

The report revealed that from the return of democracy in 1999 to 2019, Nigeria had not produced female Secretaries to the Government of the Federation.

In the area of health, the report revealed that the number of pregnant women with malaria was 484,269 in 2017 and reduced to 452,380 and 372,577 in 2018 and 2019 respectively.

It said, “The percentage of female medical doctors was 34.60 percent in 2018, 35.56 and 37.03 percent in 2019 and 2020 respectively. However, female dental doctors were 44.4, 42.16 and 42.28 percent in 2018, 2019 and 2020 respectively.”

The report revealed that more female HIV/AIDS patients had access to antiretroviral treatment in 2022 at 66.5 percent, while the male access was at 33.5 percent.

The average of pregnant women who had four or more antenatal care visits in 2018 stood at 56.8 percent, 74 percent were from the urban areas while 46 percent were from the rural areas.

“According to the Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey 2018, results show that 67 percent of women who gave birth five years preceding the survey received antenatal care from a skilled provider”, it added.

The report gave a breakdown of the percentage of women currently married or in union who are using or whose partners are using contraceptive methods by place of residence in 2018.

It revealed that more rural dwellers use “no method’’ at 90.1 percent against 73.6 percent for urban dwellers, while more urban dwellers use “any modern method” at 18.2 percent against 7.8 percent for rural dwellers.

The data for those who use “any method” is at 10.0 percent for rural and 26.4 percent for urban.

In the area of population, the report stated that the population growth rate as of 2021 was at 2.53 percent.

“The total projected population for 2021 was 211,493,324, with women constituting 49.99 percent, and men 50.01 percent”, which translates to 105,716,462 females and 105,776,862 males”, it said.

The report stated that the estimated number of the elderly population for 2019, 2020 and 2021 stood at 8,986,055, 9,370,131 and 9,777,339 respectively.

From these estimates, the percentage of elderly women stood at 46.20, 46.38 and 46.58 percent for 2019, 2022 and 2022 respectively.

In the area of education, the report revealed that the literacy rate in English Language among young men and women aged 15 to 24 was 78.3 percent for males and 72.3 percent for females, according to the Nigerian Living Standards Survey, 2018/2019.

Data from the report also revealed that there were more males in Nigerian tertiary institutions.

The total Undergraduate New Entrants by UTME/DE Entry Mode 2019 was 785,259; constituting 438,260 male and 346,999 female.

However, the Undergraduate Enrollment by Institution-2019 stood at 56.54 percent female and 43.46 percent male.

The Undergraduate Enrollment by Institution Ownership-2019 revealed that in federal-owned institutions 57.82 percent make up the male undergraduates, while 42.18 percent make up female undergraduates.

For state-owned institutions, the male population stood at 54.68 percent, while the female was at 45.32 percent. For private-owned institutions, the male and female population stood at 51.23 percent and 48.77 percent respectively.

“The total Postgraduate Enrollment in Nigeria University-2019 has a total of 119,881 male at 60.82 percent and 77,224 female at 39.18 percent.”

The Full-Time Postgraduate Enrollment by Programme-2019 has a breakdown of 34,247 males and 23,551 females at the PGD level.

Data presented showed 73,961 male and 47,794 female at the Masters level and 11,673 male and 5,879 female at the Ph.D level.